Fender series wiki

Fender produces acoustic guitarsbass amplifiers and public address equipment, but is best known for its solid-body electric guitars and bass guitarsparticularly the StratocasterTelecasterPrecision Bassand the Jazz Bass.

Its headquarters are in Scottsdale, Arizona. The company filed for an initial public offering in March[6] but this was withdrawn [7] [8] five months later. InFender introduced the first mass-produced solid-body electric guitarthe Telecaster "Tele" originally named the Broadcaster for two-pickup models and Esquire for single-pickup.

InFender unveiled the Stratocaster "Strat" guitar. With the Telecaster and Precision Bass having been on the market for some time, Leo Fender was able to incorporate input from working musicians into the Stratocaster's design. As a qualified electronics technician, Fender had repaired radios, phonographs, home audio amplifiers, public address systems and musical instrument amplifiersall designs based on research developed and released to the public domain by Western Electric in the s using vacuum tubes for amplification.

The business also sidelined in carrying records for sale and the in rental of company-designed PA systems.

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Leo became intrigued by design flaws in contemporary musical instrument amplifiers and began building amplifiers based on his own designs or modifications to designs. Production began in with Hawaiian lap steel guitars incorporating a patented pickup and amplifiers, sold as sets. By the end of the year, Fender became convinced that manufacturing was more profitable than repair, and decided to concentrate on that business instead.

Kauffman remained unconvinced, and he and Fender amicably parted ways by early The service shop remained open untilalthough Leo Fender did not personally supervise it after Leo Fender's lap steel guitar made in for Noel Boggs was probably the very first product of the new company, bearing an early presentation of the cursive "big F" Fender logo.

In the late s, Fender began to experiment with more conventional guitar designs. Early Broadcasters were plagued with issues; while Fender boasted the strength of the instrument's one-piece maple neck, early adopters lamented its tendency to bow in humid weather. Fender's reluctant addition of a metal truss rod into the necks of his guitars allowed for the much needed ability to fine-tune the instrument to the musician's specific needs.

With the design of the Telecaster finalized, mass production began in The Telecaster's bolted-on neck allowed for the instrument's body and neck to be milled and finished separately, and for the final assembling to be done quickly and cheaply by unskilled workers.

InFender released the Jazzmaster guitar. Like the Stratocaster before it, the Jazzmaster was a radical departure from previous guitar designs.

The offset body, vibrato system and innovative electronics were designed to capture the Jazz guitar market which until then was dominated by acoustic guitars. Fender even promoted the Jazzmaster as a premium successor to the Stratocasteran accolade it never fully achieved.

Despite being shunned by the Jazz community, the guitar found a home in the growing surf rock music scene, one that would go on to influence the Jazzmaster's successor, the Jaguar in Squier Companyas well as Electro-Music Inc. The sale was taken as a positive development, considering CBS's ability to bring in money and personnel who acquired a large inventory of Fender parts and unassembled guitars that were assembled and put to market.

However, the sale also led to a reduction of the quality of Fender's guitars while under the management of "cost-cutting" CBS. Bound necks with block shaped position markers were introduced in A bolder black headstock logo, as well as a brushed aluminum face plate with blue or red labels depending the model for the guitar and bass amplifiers became standard features, starting in late These first "silverface" amps added an aluminium trim detail around the speaker baffle until Other cosmetic changes included a new "tailless" Fender amp decal and a sparkling orange grillcloth on certain amplifiers in the mids.

Regarding guitars, in mid the usual four-bolt neck joint was changed to one using only three bolts, and a second string tree for the two middle G and D strings was added in late These changes were said to have been made to save money: while it suited the new 'improved' micro-tilt adjustment of the neck previously requiring neck removal and shimmingthe "Bullet" truss rod system, and a 5-way pickup selector on most models, it also resulted in a greater propensity toward mechanical failure of the guitars.A relatively radical departure from Leo Fender 's classic Stratocaster design, it was Fender's answer to Superstrats produced by manufacturers such as Jackson Guitars and Ibanez.

The HM in the guitars name stands for heavy metal. The Fender HM strat was originally produced in Japan. Some sources say production started as early as Subsequently, in[2] it was produced in the United States. Some evidence indicates that assembly in the U.

First Version - The first version appeared with a distinct Strat logo in the headstock24 medium jumbo frets i. Kahler USA offers a detailed schematic diagram of the Kahler Spyder tremolo [3] and several but not all replacement parts are available.

Japanese-assembled guitars have colored polyester on the bodies, and clear polyester on the necks. American-assembled HM Strats have a very hard aircraft grade urethane color and clear coats on the body, while still using a polyester finish on the neck.

Second Version - The US HM series stratocasters were produced in possibly late with Japanese sourced components and included the Strat i. All HM strat US made models had a scale length of Moreover, the price list describes the line as merely "H. Series Stratocaster", while the price list mentions, "U.

Fender amplifier

The Fender logo on the headstock is of mother of pearl. The building that contained the equipment was not part of the sale, so the plant was relocated. During this period, when there was little to no production of instruments in the U. These were sold in the U. Thus, it is not unusual that a Fender HM strat may have Japanese-made components e.

The Contemporary Stratocaster was eventually supplanted by the HM Strat inwhich went through subsequent versions. The first U. Contemporary Stratocaster, in However, this model was also opposed by Fender purists as its features were "off the Fender's beaten track".Squier is a second-line brand of the Fender Musical Instruments Corporation.

It produces models mostly derived from the Fender line of products but at lower cost, and are marketed similarly in providing high quality instruments at affordable prices for novice players. Fender, under the ownership of CBS, acquired the Squier brand name in the mid to late s when it bought a USA based string making firm, but it lay dormant for many years.

Before the Fender Squier series were introduced inFender were making lower priced guitars such as the Fender Lead series at their Fullerton California plant. Until the introduction of the Fender Squier series, Fender had never produced lower priced guitars based on their main Stratocaster and Telecaster designs and had always used different model designs for their lower priced guitars.

In the late s and early s Fender was facing competition from lower priced Japanese made guitars. The lower priced Fender guitars were made in America and could not compete with the Japanese made Fender copies lower prices. In the early s, Japanese labor and production costs were much lower than in America and to compete with the Japanese made guitars, Fender decided to move the lower priced Fender guitar production from America to Japan.

Fender began negotiations with several Japanese musical instrument distributors and reached an agreement with Yamano Gakki and Kanda Shokai to establish Fender Japan. Yamano Gakki are also known for once being part of Orville by Gibson. Kanda Shokai own the Greco brand name and one of the conditions of the Fender Japan agreement was that Kanda Shokai cease production of its own Greco Fender copies. This arrangement benefited Fender because it removed the Greco Fender copies which were selling at much lower prices than the American made Fenders in Japan and also benefited Kanda Shokai because it could now distribute Japanese made Fender branded guitars in Japan.

Further negotiations between Fender and guitar factories were done. Tokai seriously considered to start building the first Japanese made Fenders but after a breakdown in negotiations FujiGen Gakki was chosen instead [1]. These were very accurate reproductions of classic s and s Fender guitar models. Soon after a second series followed and these were called the SQ series as seen from the prefix to their serial numbers.

They were generally reproductions of s models with the main difference being that they had Japanese made pickups whereas the initial JV series used Fender American made pickups. Over time the Squier series has slowly evolved to include Original Models designs and production has moved from Japan to various other Asian countries such as Korea and China.

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When initially launched in Europe in the early s the Squier range offered classic reproductions of Fender's most popular models: '57 and '62 Stratocasters, '57 and '62 Precision Basses, '52 Telecasters and '62 Jazz Bass.

These were made in the FujiGen Gakki factory in Japan - then also used by Ibanez - using original factory blueprints. These early Squiers are referred to as "JV Squiers" due to those two letters being the prefix on the serial number stamped on the neck plate that stand for "Japanese Vintage". Initial shipments to Europe had Fender's logo in large script on the headstock with a small "Squier Series" decal but quickly this gave way to a large Squier logo with a small "by Fender" decal.

These early JVs are extremely accurate reproductions of the classic models and are highly sought by guitar collectors, especially in Europe. The early JV Squiers often used neck and body parts that were originally meant for Greco Fender copies [2]. There have been a few Squier models that have been distinct enough in specification from standard Fender models to be notable, such as the Squier Super-Sonic, the Squier '51 a design that hybridizes elements of the Stratocaster, Telecaster, and Fender Precision Bassand the Squier Jagmaster partially derived from the Fender Jazzmaster and Fender Jaguar.

The Squier Bullet name, currently used for an inexpensive Stratocaster variant, was originally applied to an early '80s short-scale model which resembled a hybrid of a Strat and a Fender Mustang.

Fender Musical Instruments Corporation

There are also original and distinct editions of existing Fender guitar designs like the Fender Stratocaster and Fender Telecastersuch editions being the Hello Kitty Stratocaster with pink finish and fingerboard inlays and the Hello Kitty logo, the OBEY Graphics series of Stratocasters and Telecasters with custom hand-painted bodies or the Avril Lavigne and Eric Clapton editions. As ofFender seems to be positioning Squier as both a budget brand with the Bullet, Affinity, and Standard series of guitars and basses and an alternate moniker, with some original models in the Squier lineup that are not found in Fender's own catalogue.

Special editions of standard production models are not listed below.

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Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki.Or a Fender Hot Rod Deluxe. Or both. To say these are products that are part of the staple diet for the grassroots gigging musician is an understatement. We all know the story: our first guitar was a borderline-unplayable nylon-string acoustic, then we graduated to a Squier Strat while making a teenage racket in the garage.

Although the funky Duo-Sonic and Mustang models in the Offset series that arrived back in represent a hip and very reasonably priced entry point into the catalogue, not everybody shopping for their first Fender wants a compact, short-scale instrument. Just ahead of Summer NAMMFender has decided that the time is right to reimagine its entire Ensenada-made Standard line, last overhauled back in Enter the new Player series.

With a two-point vibrato, a bridge tone control, a 9. The Telecaster keeps things relatively classic on the looks front, though the six bent steel saddles on the bridge are an addition that recalls recent American Standard models. We went through several months of shooting out pickups and probably a dozen sets until we were happy.

Close Encounter. As the approaching flotilla of cardboard boxes darkened the horizon at The Guitar Magazine HQ, we dutifully rolled up our sleeves and set about reviewing all 94 permutations of the Player series. What we did instead was select four models that provide a good cross-section of the range, whether your tastes lean towards traditional six-string electrics, classic offset models with a twist or deep vibrations of the bass variety.

First up in its Sonic Red livery is the Player Stratocaster. If you are reading this and breaking out in a cold sweat at the idea of a Strat with 22 frets and a two-point vibrato then Fender already makes reasonably priced Stratocasters for you, and they can be found in the Classic Series. The glossy black Precision Bass blends the timeless simplicity of one of the all-time great designs with a slinky, easy-playing neck while the achingly cool Sage Green Metallic Jazzmaster goes out of its way to annoy the purists with Jagmaster-style stripped-down controls and a pair of alnico II humbuckers with a coil split accessible via a push-pull tone control.

All three six-strings on test have slim Modern C shaped necks with a very flat-feeling combination of 9. All three fingerboards feature extensions to accommodate a 22nd fret, while truss-rod adjustment on Player series instruments happens at the headstock end, behind the synthetic bone nut.

fender series wiki

Not having to pop the neck off to tighten or loosen the truss-rod is a boon for touring musicians moonlighting as their own guitar tech while travelling through shifting climate conditions. Plugged In. When amplified, the Precision immediately offers a very direct and slightly hi-fi version of the classic P-Bass sound. Playing the hell out those clanky new strings certainly helps, and as ever a foam mute under the strings down by the bridge is the passport to woodier and more authentic 50s and 60s tones.

Although it offers less girth and punch than the mids American Vintage model we use as a benchmark, it still unmistakably delivers that sound and you can make it work in the context of almost every genre imaginable. Humbuckers in a Fender electric can sometimes be a disappointing compromise that stifles the natural bite and jangle of a bolt-on, leaving you with a rather blunt instrument.

Here, the marriage is much happier.Its simple yet effective design and revolutionary sound broke ground and set trends in electric guitar manufacturing and popular music. Introduced for national distribution as the Broadcaster in the autumn ofit was the first guitar of its kind manufactured on a substantial scale and has been in continuous production in one form or another since its first incarnation.

In the period roughly between andseveral craftsmen and companies experimented with solid-body electric guitars, but none had made a significant impact on the market. Leo Fender's Telecaster was the design that made bolt-on neck, solid body guitars viable in the marketplace. Fender had an electronics repair shop called Fender's Radio Service where he first repaired, then designed, amplifiers and electromagnetic pickups for musicians — chiefly players of electric semi-acoustic guitarselectric Hawaiian lap steel guitarsand mandolins.

fender series wiki

Players had been "wiring up" their instruments in search of greater volume and projection since the late s, and electric semi-acoustics such as the Gibson ES had long been widely available.

Tone had never, until then, been the primary reason for a guitarist to go electric, but inwhen Fender and his partner, Clayton Orr "Doc" Kauffmanbuilt a crude wooden guitar as a pickup test rig, local country players started asking to borrow it for gigs.

It sounded bright and sustaining. Fender was intrigued, and inwhen it was long understood that solid construction offered great advantages in electric instruments, but before any commercial solid-body Spanish guitars had caught on the then-small Audiovox company apparently offered a modern, solid-body electric guitar as early as the midshe built a better prototype.

That hand-built prototype, an unbranded white guitar with no model name, had most of the features of what would become the Telecaster.

Rickenbacker, then spelled "Rickenbacher", also offered a solid Bakelite-bodied electric Spanish guitar in that seemed to presage details of Fender's design. The initial single-pickup production model appeared inand was called the Fender Esquire. In particular, the Esquire necks had no truss rod and many were replaced due to bent necks. Later inthis single-pickup model was discontinued, and a two-pickup model was renamed the Broadcaster.

From this point onward all Fender necks incorporated truss rods. The Esquire was reintroduced in as a single pickup Telecaster, at a lower price.

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The so-called "Nocaster" was a short-lived variant of Telecaster. Produced in early to mid, it was the result of legal action from the Gretsch company over the guitar's previous name, the Broadcaster Gretsch already had the "Broadkaster" name registered for a line of drums.

In the interim, before Fender had come up with an alternate name and printed appropriately revised headstock decals, factory workers simply snipped the "Broadcaster" name from its existing stock of decals, so guitars with these decals are identified simply as "Fender", without any model name.

By the summer of the guitar was officially renamed as the Telecaster and has been known as such ever since. The term Nocaster was coined by collectors to denote these transitional guitars that appeared without a model name on the headstock. There are no official production numbers, but experts estimate that fewer than Nocasters were produced.

Fender has since registered Nocaster as a trademark to denote its modern replicas of this famous rarity. InFender released the innovative and musically influential Precision Bass as a similar looking stable-mate to the Telecaster. This body style was later released as the Fender Telecaster Bass in after the Precision Bass had been changed in to make it more closely resemble the Fender Stratocaster guitar.

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This double cut away style was the shape that influenced how the Stratocaster was created. Leo Fender's simple and modular design was geared to mass production and made servicing broken guitars easier.

Guitars were not constructed individually, as in traditional luthiery. Rather, components were produced quickly and inexpensively in quantity and assembled into a guitar on an assembly line.Leo Fender began building guitar amplifiers before he started manufacturing electric guitars. They are all very rare today and few have survived. The first amplifiers made in-house by the Fender Electric Instrument Company have been dubbed the Woodie series, built in through They included the Model 26 Deluxethe Princetonand the Professional.

fender series wiki

Fender amplifiers became established with the tweed series, wood cases covered in varnished cotton twill in the manner of suitcases of the era. The nickname is a misnomer, as tweed is a coarse woollen fabric, often woven in a twill pattern.

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They were produced for more than a decade. The first cloth used was an off-white fabric, followed by a horizontal-stripe two-tone pattern, and finally a two-tone twill. The twill covering was first used in on the Dual Professional, a twin 10" 6L6 -powered model of which only were made before being renamed "the Super Amp" in These early models are referred to as "TV-Fronts" due to the shape of the cabinet when viewed from above.

The Dual Pro was the first twin-speaker amplifier, and also the first to employ a finger-jointed pine cabinet and the amp with a top-facing control panel. This has the benefit of providing ease of access to the inside while providing a strong top. Fender largely ceased the twill covering inthough the Harvard continued untiland the Champ until At the beginning of the "tweed" era, Fender constructed many of its cabinets in "TV front" style, changing around predominantly to the "wide panel", where the top and bottom panels are wider than the side.

Fender later constructed them with "narrow panel", in which all the panels have more or less the same width. Toward the end, despite keeping such construction, Fender utilized Tolex to cover its amps. The Brownface series was introduced in and discontinued in This period marked the beginning of Fender's use of Tolex to cover amp cabinets.

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The brownface amps originally featured a dark maroon or "oxblood" grillcloth, which was changed to "wheat" in The shift from tweed to Tolex occurred in limited production in The tolex on the earliest versions in this era was pinkish brown and rough textured.

There were only six amplifiers covered in tolex originally, the Professional Series: BandmasterConcertProSuperTwin production halted Feb-Mayresumed as the blonde Twin and Vibrasonic. These were considered a step above the student models ChampHarvardPrinceton which remained tweed-covered in Guitars Bass Amps Pedals Players. Watch the review! Click here to watch our world-exclusive video review of all three guitars!

These instruments draw inspiration from the eccentric and sometimes wildly innovative Fender creations of the mid-'60s to mid-'70s era that sometimes found their way to the outside world, and into the more esoteric pages of Fender history. With this adventurous spirit in mind, Pawn Shop Series instruments emerge as all new Fender guitars with a boldly creative alchemy of diverse Fender components.

The Pawn Shop Fender '51 melds Fender elements from the '50s, '60s and '70s into one truly distinctive-looking, dynamic-sounding guitar. It has a Stratocaster body and a C-shaped Telecaster neck, with a single-coil Texas Special neck pickup, Fender Enforcer humbucking bridge pickup and an early '50s Precision Bass-style dual-knob chrome control plate.

Other features include a maple fretboard with modern 9.

fender series wiki

The Pawn Shop Fender '72 presents an unusual combination of classic Fender design elements, not the least of which is its semi-hollow Stratocaster body with an f hole. The result is a truly distinctive instrument with a huge sound, with other features including a U-shaped Telecaster neck, rosewood fretboard with modern 9.

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The Pawn Shop Mustang Special is a classic in everything from a venerable Fender model name to its sleek amalgam of design elements and matchless tonal versatility. Its modified offset Mustang body imparts a sleek s vibe, and its 24" short-scale maple neck with a '60s-era C shape is comfortable for those accustomed to vintage-style instruments.

Other features include a rosewood fretboard with modern 9. For more information: Fender Source: Press Release.

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